Plastic Ban Implementation and effect Asia & World

Plastic Ban

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Plastic Ban is one of the most sought issue around the world. Big populated countries like China and India are lined up in plastic ban. This issue of plastic ban is not new. After world environment day theme “Beat Plastic: If you cant reuse it refuse it” many countries has taken several steps towards plastic ban.

It is never easy to leave plastic as it is involved in our common life. A common man from anywhere around the world will ignore or resist plastic ban as it directly affect his lifestyle. After the plastic ban in a city like Mumbai From 23 June it is effecting small business, tea sellers, local food packaging services and all. People are facing a lot of problems with such a decision. Successful implementation hence will be the biggest problem worldwide.

All we need to understand the threat Plastic poses in the current scenario worldwide. Let us consider what are threats plastic poses:

Threats

Some of the most commonly known threats are:

  • Damaging the Flora and Fauna: Plastic bags increase the waste materials which damages the beauty of nature. It damages the land as well as wetlands. Animals may eat plastic considering it as food resulting chocking and many other fatal injuries resulting death. Birds may use it as nesting material if it is thrown everywhere resulting certain casualties.
  • Plastic is not good for soil as well. access plastic may convert soil into barren land. Plastic bags lasts forever (at least 300+ years), it converts to micro plastic and which becomes more hazardous for natural water bodies and Human as well.
  • Plastic may Block water bodies which may result in favorable conditions for mosquitoes.

With ever growing plastic problem, some countries, states, and localities are putting a halt to plastic use completely. Other areas have begun to tax retailers or customers who choose to use plastic bags in an effort to curb their popularity. Let’s look closer in the world against plastic.

WORLD WITH PLASTIC BAN

Several areas have plastic ban or taxes, the following information is not a detailed one but can give a brief overall view in the world.

Africa

Africa takes the plastic bag problem very seriously; most of the countries on the continent have either banned them completely or charge a tax on them. The first ban was introduced in 2003, South Africa declared plastic bags their ‘national flower’ due to their overwhelming presence in trees and bushes. Here are some of the countries in Africa that have bans or taxes in place:

  • Kenya
  • Mali
  • Cameroon
  • Tanzania
  • Morocco
  • South Africa
  • Rwanda
  • Botswana

Due to black market for plastic bags and people still use them illegally, concrete statistics about the implementation percentage of bans and taxes in Africa are hard to nail down. Immediately fter the ban, plastic bag use in South Africa dropped almost 90%, though illegal use has increased gradually since then.

Asia

India and China are the biggest producers of plastics. there are bans in several cities in India as well as China. Pacific countries are geared up for the plastic ban and are working in improvement of technical replacement for plastic.

Australia

Australia doesn’t have a ban on plastic; however, some states and territories have begun to put bans in place, including the Northern Territory, South Australia, and Tasmania.

Europe

Europe has been pro active in its fight against plastic bags. In 1994, Denmark initiated charging a tax on them. Following the introduction of the tax, usage dropped from around 800 million to approximately 300 million bags per year. Ireland, initiated tax for plastic bags in 2002, saw a 90% reduction in usage and litter after the tax was put into effect. European Union is all set to reduce its plastic use by 80% in the upcoming 2-3 years. Other countries that in present have ban/taxes in place include:

  • England
  • Italy
  • Wales
  • Scotland
  • Germany

North America

U.S. states and cities are proactive in Plastic ban. For example, in 2014, California became the first state to ban plastic bags and charge for paper bags. Other areas that are fighting the use of plastic bags with either bans, taxes, or special recycling programs include:

  • Hawaii
  • District of Columbia
  • Seattle
  • Maine
  • New York
  • Rhode Island
  • Puerto Rico

South America

Very few areas in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Colombia have taken steps to reduce plastic use, such as using only biodegradable bags and implementing recycling programs. Again, statistics showing how well measures work are hard to nail down since not everyone is compliant.

Plastic Ban is essential for today to give better future to our upcoming generation. We must unite against Plastic and deny the use of plastic as far as possible. Meanwhile scientists are required to work in biodegradable alternatives of plastics. Implementation of plastic ban always is a biggest problem in the world but it is the only way to reduce its use worldwide.

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